48 Hour Rule Criminal Law South Africa
S v Dangatye is an exception to the general rule that a defendant cannot require the State to appoint a lawyer of his choice. The accused in casu did not want a specific lawyer because the lawyer did not speak his language. The court ruled that to be sensitive to South Africa`s multilingualism, the court made a kind of exception for Dangatye. Criminal proceedings in South Africa relate to the judicial process of criminal law in that country. It is part of procedural or adjective law and describes the means by which its substantive counterpart, South African criminal law, is applied. It has its base mainly in English law. Article 7 raises the minimum age of criminal responsibility from seven to ten years. Between the ages of ten and fourteen, there is a presumption against criminal capacity, which the State can rebut with evidence beyond a reasonable doubt.  The Juvenile Justice Act, in force since April 2010, introduced numerous changes in criminal proceedings with respect to minors (persons under the age of eighteen).
This is a two-stage case before a special juvenile court. For the purposes of paragraph 37(2)(b), a physician affiliated with a hospital may take a blood sample from a person admitted to hospital if the physician has reasonable grounds to believe that such a sample may be relevant to subsequent criminal proceedings. In cases where the police, etc. are not authorized to act under paragraphs 1 or 2, the court before which criminal proceedings are pending may order the same measures.  84. Similarly, in this case, the fact that the offence of which the applicant was accused fell within the scope of Schedule 7 of the CPA required the respondent`s members to take steps to bring him before a prosecutor immediately after work. The general rules of interrogation are as follows: on 13 March 1996, the applicants brought an action for a stay of proceedings before the Natal High Court. The High Court held that, although the Attorney General was responsible for a significant period of delay in the prosecution, there were insufficient grounds for stay of proceedings if there were no prejudices related to the trial. The Court recognized that the Constitution places the right to a speedy trial at the top of the requirements of a fair trial. This means that the State is obliged, at all times and in all cases, to ensure that accused persons are not subjected to unreasonable delays in the continuation of pending proceedings against them. Men residing in South Africa, aged between sixteen and sixty, are required to assist in the arrest if requested to do so by a police officer.  Failure to comply with such a request without a legitimate reason entails criminal liability.
 Paragraph 50(6)(b) of the CPA deprives a defendant of any right to have bail reviewed by a court after work. Everything you need to know about a criminal record If criminal proceedings are not initiated or if the item is not necessary for evidence or a court order in criminal proceedings, the item must be returned to the person before it, if that person can legally possess it. If such a person is not allowed to possess it legally, it goes to the person who can legally possess it.  If no one is legally allowed to possess it, the article expires at the state.  For example, no one can legally possess drugs or a firearm without a licence. “In paragraph 50(1)(d)(i), `first day of hearing` means the first day of hearing following the expiry of the 48-hour time limit.” He will be brought before a lower court as soon as reasonably possible, but no later than 48 hours after arrest. Dangerous criminals can be sentenced to indefinite imprisonment.   A fine should generally be affordable for the defendant, even if he has to sell some of his property to pay it. Fines are usually imposed with the alternative of imprisonment.
 Special penalties may be imposed on minors (persons under the age of eighteen).  Bail is primarily determined on the basis of hearsay evidence, since at this stage the amount of evidence available is never sufficient. Sometimes, when it comes to the trial itself, such hearsay evidence does not emerge, or a witness does not make affidavits to support it, in which case the court may always decide that the murder was not planned and is therefore convicted on a lesser charge. If, at any time after the decision on the investigation, the bailiff finds that criminal proceedings are initiated in connection with the death, he must terminate the proceedings.  They are held in the police cell for up to 48 hours. At the time you are arrested, you have the right: it is inappropriate for the court to cross-examine the accused during interrogation.  It is a rule of practice for the court to inform the respondent of the effects of the formal confession.  An accused person may be associated with any other defendant in the same criminal proceeding at any time before the evidence of the charge in question has been presented.  In South Africa, the civil limitation period concerns remedies, not rights, and is therefore part of procedural law and not substantive law. Various differences between civil and criminal limitation periods (such as interruption, suspension and waiver) as well as different political considerations lead Roberts to conclude that the Corpus Juris Secundum correctly held that the criminal limitation period confers on the offender an essential right not to be prosecuted. Unlike procedural provisions, the substantive provisions do not apply retroactively if no clear information to the contrary is provided.
The Tribunal also found that Singh`s allegation of the full importance of an “individual” was inconsistent with the recognition of the unusual nature of private actions; It also departs from the Basic Law that prosecutions must be conducted by a prosecutor. Therefore, the NDPP is governed solely by the provisions of Article 7(7) of the NDPP. 2 was not obliged to issue a certificate nolle prosequi after refusing to continue. Normally, law enforcement officers would have to detain a suspect for 24 hours. After this period, they should present you to a judge in court. However, the same law enforcement officers can file a request to keep you for up to 48 hours. Appeals and applications for leave to appeal must be noted and followed up within the timelines and other requirements of the law and the Rules of Justice.    “This interpretation was wrong. In his conclusion, the learned judge of the next court did not take into account not only what is stated in the preceding paragraphs, but also constitutional values.
He ignored section 35(1)(d)(ii), which itself recognizes that the 48-hour period may be extended if it is interrupted by a weekend. As Les Roberts argued, the purpose of the criminal statute of limitations is to limit criminal charges so that potential defendants do not […] in the tension between hope and terror.” When the British permanently occupied Cape Town in 1806, they maintained the Romano-Dutch legal system.